Depression, also known as major depression, clinical depression or major depressive disorder is a medical illness that causes a constant feeling of sadness and lack of interest. Depression affects how the person feels, behaves and thinks.
What is Depression?
Sadness or downswings in mood are normal reactions to life’s struggles, setbacks, and disappointments. Many people use the word “depression” to explain these kinds of feelings, but depression is much more than just sadness.
Some people describe depression as “living in a black hole” or having a feeling of impending doom. However, some depressed people don’t feel sad at all—they may feel lifeless, empty, and apathetic, or men in particular may even feel angry, aggressive, and restless.
Signs And Symptoms Of Depression:
Depression varies from person to person, but there are some common signs and symptoms. Signs and Symptoms of depression include:
- Feelings of helplessness and hopelessness. A bleak outlook—nothing will ever get better and there’s nothing you can do to improve your situation.
- Loss of interest in daily activities. No interest in former hobbies, pastimes, social activities, or sex. You’ve lost your ability to feel joy and pleasure.
- Appetite or weight changes. Significant weight loss or weight gain—a change of more than 5% of body weight in a month.
- Sleep changes. Either insomnia, especially waking in the early hours of the morning, or oversleeping (also known as hypersomnia).
- Anger or irritability. Feeling agitated, restless, or even violent. Your tolerance level is low, your temper short, and everything and everyone gets on your nerves.
- Loss of energy. Feeling fatigued, sluggish, and physically drained. Your whole body may feel heavy, and even small tasks are exhausting or take longer to complete.
- Self-loathing. Strong feelings of worthlessness or guilt. You harshly criticize yourself for perceived faults and mistakes.
- Reckless behavior. You engage in escapist behavior such as substance abuse, compulsive gambling, reckless driving, or dangerous sports.
- Concentration problems. Trouble focusing, making decisions, or remembering things.
- Unexplained aches and pains. An increase in physical complaints such as headaches, back pain, aching muscles, and stomach pain.
Forms Of Depression:
There are several forms of depression (depressive disorders). Major depressive disorder and dysthymic disorder are the most common.
Major depressive disorder (major depression):
Major depressive disorder is also known as major depression. The patients suffer from a combination of symptoms that undermine their ability to sleep, study, work, eat, and enjoy activities they used to find pleasurable.
Experts say that major depressive disorder can be very disabling, preventing the patient from functioning normally. Some people experience only one episode, while others have recurrences.
Dysthymic disorder (dysthymia):
Dysthymic disorder is also known as dysthymia, or mild chronic depression. The patient will suffer symptoms for a long time, perhaps as long as a couple of years, and often longer. The symptoms are not as severe as in major depression – they do not disable the patient. However, people affected with dysthymic disorder may find it hard to function normally and feel well.
When severe depressive illness includes hallucinations, delusions, and/or withdrawing from reality, the patient may be diagnosed with psychotic depression. Psychotic depression is also referred to as delusional depression.
Postpartum depression (postnatal depression):
Postpartum depression is also known as postnatal depression or PND. This is not to be confused with ‘baby blues’ which a mother may feel for a very short period after giving birth.
If a mother develops a major depressive episode within a few weeks of giving birth it is most likely she has developed postpartum depression. Experts believe that about 10% to 15% of all women experience this type of depression after giving birth. Sadly, many of them go undiagnosed and suffer for long periods without treatment and support.
SAD (seasonal affective disorder):
SAD is much more common the further from the equator you go, where the end of summer means the beginning of less sunlight and more dark hours. A person who develops a depressive illness during the winter months might have SAD.
SAD symptoms go away during spring and/or summer. In Scandinavia, where winter can be very dark for many months, patients commonly undergo light therapy – they sit in front of a special light. Light therapy works for about half of all SAD patients. In addition to light therapy, some people may need antidepressants, psychotherapy, or both. Light therapy is becoming more popular in other northern countries, such as Canada and the United Kingdom.
Bipolar disorder (manic-depressive illness):
Bipolar disorder is also known as manic-depressive illness. It used to be known as manic depression. It is not as common as major depression or dysthymia. A patient with bipolar disorder experiences moments of extreme highs and extreme lows. These extremes are known as manias.
Some Natural Depression Treatments
Exercise to Cure Depression:
Take Exercise daily especially in morning. Exercise temporarily boosts feel-good chemicals called endorphins. It may also have long-term benefits for people with depression. Regular physical activity seems to encourage the brain to rewire itself in positive ways.
Treatment of Depression with Light therapy :
During the short, dark days of winter, some people are prone to a type of depression called seasonal affective disorder.
One way to ease symptoms may be light therapy, in which you sit near a brightly lit box that mimics outdoor light. The therapy generally starts with daily sessions of about 15 minutes and increases to up to two hours daily. A doctor can determine the intensity of the light and the timing which depends upon the severity of symptoms.
Curing Depression Naturally Using Mood diary:
Therapy that teaches people about positive thinking can relieve depression, research suggests.
This is a tool used to train someone to keep track of positive things that are happening in their lives and not let single negative events wear them down.
A mood diary keeps negative events in perspective and serves as a reminder that good days do happen.
Acupuncture to get rid of Depression:
As with many alternative therapies, there isn’t a heap of data that proves acupuncture relieves depression. But a handful of research suggests it might.
In a second study in the Journal of Affective Disorders, 70 patients with a major depressive disorder who were already taking an antidepressant seemed to show more improvement if they had acupuncture, compared to those who did not.
Treatment of Depression with Support groups:
Support groups are an excellent way to help treat mild forms of depression.
These groups provide education on depression, a community of support, and the opportunity to learn from people dealing with similar issues.
Do something new to get rid of Depression:
When you’re depressed, you’re in a rut. Push yourself to do something different. Go to a museum. Pick up a used book and read it on a park bench. Take a language class. “When we challenge ourselves to do something different, there are chemical changes in the brain,” says Cook. “Trying something new alters the levels of dopamine, which is associated with pleasure, enjoyment, and learning.”
Natural Home Remedy for Depression Using Fish oil:
This supplement contains omega-3 fatty acids, which are found in fish, including salmon, albacore tuna, and herring.
Studies on fish oil are inconclusive, but it is thought that being deficient in this fatty acid at certain times (like during the postpartum period) can cause mood swings and depression.
In areas where consumption of foods with omega-3 is high, people tend to have lower rates of depression.
Meditation to Cure Depression:
Promising research suggests that meditation may play a role in preventing depression relapse. The research focused on mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, which combines traditional meditation with cognitive behavioral approaches.
In two studies, people were treated with antidepressants until their symptoms subsided. Then one group continued taking the medication while another went on a regimen of meditation therapy.
Try to have fun to Cure Depression:
If you are depressed, make time for things you enjoy. What if nothing seems fun anymore? “That’s just a symptom of depression,” says Cook. You have to keep trying anyway
Natural Treatment of Depression with Yoga:
Striking a pose may alleviate stress and symptoms of depression. Studies have shown that in both people with emotional distress and major depression, practicing yoga reduces stress, hostility, anxiety, and depression, and improves energy, sleep quality, and well-being.
Although there aren’t too many studies on the topic, yoga may prove to be a simple, low-risk tool for improving depression.
Get enough sleep to Cure Depression:
Depression can make it hard to get enough sleep, and not getting enough sleep can make depression worse. Go to bed and get up at the same time every day. Try not to nap. Take all the distractions out of your bedroom — no computer and no TV. In time, you may find your sleep improves.
Start Running Daily in the Morning to get rid of Depression:
When you feel depressed, start running daily in the morning. When you run, your brain feel relaxed as the oxygen that is energy is needed to run. So this way you can get rid of depression for some time but with daily running you can get rid of depression permanently.
For severe problem concern the Doctor.