Depression, also known as major depression, clinical depression or major depressive disorder is a medical illness that causes a constant feeling of sadness and lack of interest. Depression affects how the person feels, behaves and thinks.
What is Depression?
Sadness or downswings in mood are normal reactions to life’s struggles, setbacks, and disappointments. Many people use the word “depression” to explain these kinds of feelings, but depression is much more than just sadness.
Some people describe depression as “living in a black hole” or having a feeling of impending doom. However, some depressed people don’t feel sad at all—they may feel lifeless, empty, and apathetic, or men in particular may even feel angry, aggressive, and restless.
Signs And Symptoms Of Depression:
Depression varies from person to person, but there are some common signs and symptoms. Signs and Symptoms of depression include:
- Feelings of helplessness and hopelessness. A bleak outlook—nothing will ever get better and there’s nothing you can do to improve your situation.
- Loss of interest in daily activities. No interest in former hobbies, pastimes, social activities, or sex. You’ve lost your ability to feel joy and pleasure.
- Appetite or weight changes. Significant weight loss or weight gain—a change of more than 5% of body weight in a month.
- Sleep changes. Either insomnia, especially waking in the early hours of the morning, or oversleeping (also known as hypersomnia).
- Anger or irritability. Feeling agitated, restless, or even violent. Your tolerance level is low, your temper short, and everything and everyone gets on your nerves.
- Loss of energy. Feeling fatigued, sluggish, and physically drained. Your whole body may feel heavy, and even small tasks are exhausting or take longer to complete.
- Self-loathing. Strong feelings of worthlessness or guilt. You harshly criticize yourself for perceived faults and mistakes.
- Reckless behavior. You engage in escapist behavior such as substance abuse, compulsive gambling, reckless driving, or dangerous sports.
- Concentration problems. Trouble focusing, making decisions, or remembering things.
- Unexplained aches and pains. An increase in physical complaints such as headaches, back pain, aching muscles, and stomach pain.
Forms Of Depression:
There are several forms of depression (depressive disorders). Major depressive disorder and dysthymic disorder are the most common. Continue reading
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Understanding common cold
A cold is an upper respiratory infection caused by any one of hundreds of different viruses.
Within a short time, the virus takes over and forces the cells to produce thousands of new virus particles. In response to this viral invasion, the body assemble its defences:
- The body temperature rises, enhancing the immune response.
- The nose and throat release chemicals that spark the immune system.
- Injured cells produce chemicals called prostaglandins, which trigger inflammation and attract infection-fighting white blood cells.
The symptoms you experience as a cold are actually the body’s natural immune response. In fact, by the time you feel like you are coming down with a cold, you have already been infected for a day and a half.
Symptoms And Signs Of Common Cold:
- Nasal stuffiness or drainage
- Sore or scratchy throat
- Watery eyes
- Low-grade fever
- Body aches
The common cold is an ailment that affects us not just during the winter, but also at other times of the year and it can be quite a draining experience.
Trying to get over a cold? There are lots of things you can do to ease the symptoms as you get better. We have some easy and natural home remedies for you so that you get relief from cold: Continue reading
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Lung cancer is a disease characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. If left untreated, this growth can spread beyond the lung in a process called metastasis into nearby tissue or other parts of the body. Most cancers that start in lung, known as primary lung cancers, are carcinomas that derive from epithelial cells. The abnormal cells do not develop into healthy lung tissue, they divide rapidly and form tumours. As tumours become larger and more numerous, they undermine the lung’s ability to provide the bloodstream with oxygen.
Symptoms of Lung Cancer:
Cancer symptoms are quite varied and depend on where the cancer is located, where it has spread, and how big the tumour is.
Many symptoms of lung cancer affect the chest and air passages. These include:
- Harsh sounds while breathing (strider).
- Chronic bronchitis or pneumonia.
- Pain in the chest shoulder, or back from coughing.
- Changes in colour of the mucus that is coughed up from the lower airways (sputum).
- Coughing up blood, or blood in the sputum.
- Persistent or intense coughing.
- Difficulty breathing and swallowing.
- Hoarseness of the voice.
As lung cancer cells spread and use more of the body’s energy, it is possible to present symptoms that may also be associated with many other ailments. These include:
- Problems with brain function and memory
- Swelling in the neck or face
- Bleeding and blood clots
- Unexplained weight loss
- General weakness
- Fatigue Pain in joints or bones
Causes of Lung Cancer:
Lung cancer is now the second most common cancer in the UK and smoking accounts for 90% of cases. Cancer is ultimately the result of cells that uncontrollably grow and do not die.
Lung cancer occurs when a lung cell’s gene mutation makes the cell unable to correct DNA damage and unable to commit suicide.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both.
There are three types of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes:
The body does not produce insulin. Some people may refer to this type as insulin-dependent diabetes. People usually develop type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, often in early adulthood or teenage years.
Type 2 Diabetes (Gestational diabetes):
The body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (insulin resistance).
Some people may be able to control their type 2 diabetes symptoms by losing weight, following a healthy diet, doing plenty of exercise, and monitoring their blood glucose levels. However, type 2 diabetes is typically a progressive disease – it gradually gets worse – and the patient will probably end up have to take insulin, usually in tablet form.
Type 3 Diabetes:
This type affects females during pregnancy. Some women have very high levels of glucose in their blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells, resulting in progressively rising levels of glucose.
Symptoms/ Signs of Diabetes:
- Increased Urination
- Weight loss
- Excessive Thirst
- Slow Healing
- Skin Problem
- Blur Vision
Complications linked to badly controlled diabetes:
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Many latest technology and galleries full of products like oil, hair mask, conditioners etc. that have launched in the recent past to remove or reduce the hair fall problem, the most effective of remedies for hair fall is still the most effective. Hair fall is the popular problem for both men and women in today’s busy and polluted environment. There are some natural things which are made available easily in our homes and are used to prevent from hair fall. Both men and women can get benefits from these. The vitamins from these things are useful to prevent from hair fall.
Here are some hair Loss remedies for both men and women that you can try at your home easily. Continue reading
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Coughing means stimulation of sensory nerves in the lining of the respiratory passages – the tubes we use to breathe.
During coughing, a person intake short breath and the larynx (the voice box) close momentarily. The chest muscles and abdominal used for breathing contract, due to which more pressure needed to drive the air out the lungs when the larynx re-opens.
The result of this is blast of air comes out at high speed, scrubbing and clearing the airway to keep the respiratory passages free of irritating material.
Coughing is a common symptom when the airways are ‘tight’, as in asthma.
Coughing usually means the presence of something in respiratory passages that should not be there. This can be caused by breathing in dust particles in the air or when a piece of food goes down the wrong way.
It could also be a sign that an infection in the lungs is making the respiratory passages produce phlegm.
“The majority of viral coughs are safe to treat at home with natural home remedies. This is the natural way to treat the problem with no side effects.”
Cough is of many kinds and their treatments differ accordingly. The ten types of cough, their causes and their treatments are given below:
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Tuberculosis (TB) is very common and an infectious disease that is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB primarily affects the lungs, but it can also affect organs in the central nervous system, lymphatic system, and circulatory system among others. Most people who are exposed to TB never develop symptoms because the bacteria can live in an inactive form in the body. But if the immune system weakens, such as in people with HIV or elderly adults, TB bacteria can become active. In their active state, TB bacteria cause death of tissue in the organs they infect. Active TB disease can be fatal if left untreated. The disease was called “consumption” in the past because of the way it would consume from within anyone who became infected.
Symptoms of tuberculosis:
Most people who become infected with the bacteria that cause tuberculosis actually do not present symptoms of the disease. However, when symptoms are present, they include:
- continued or a persistent cough of more than three weeks that brings up phlegm
- presence of streaks or drops of blood in the coughed up phlegm or sputum
- weight loss and fatigue and loss of appetite
- fever for a long duration that is not explained by any other cause
- night sweat.
Causes of tuberculosis:
Tuberculosis is ultimately caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis that is spread from person to person through airborne particles. This can happen when someone with the untreated, active form of tuberculosis coughs, speaks, sneezes, spits, laughs or sings. Some primary causes of tuberculosis are: Continue reading
Asthma is a disease affecting the airways that carry air to and from your lungs. People who suffer from this chronic condition (long-lasting or recurrent) are said to be asthmatic.
The inside walls of an asthmatic’s airways are swollen or inflamed. This swelling or inflammation makes the airways extremely sensitive to irritations and increases your susceptibility to an allergic reaction.
As inflammation causes the airways to become narrower, less air can pass through them, both to and from the lungs.
Symptoms of Asthma:
Its symptoms are given below:
- A chronic dry cough that becomes worse at night.
- Disturbing sleep.
- Sometimes wheezing while sleeping.
- Shortness of breath.
Causes of Asthma:
An irritating night cough is often the first sign of asthma, especially in children, but it can develop at any age. Continue reading
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A smoker’s cough refers to coughing that normally occurs in people who are long-term smokers. It is a persistent cough —”persistent” meaning that it is present for more than 2 or 3 weeks.
At first it may be dry in smokers who have not smoked for very long, but over time it usually produces phlegm. This phlegm can be clear, white, yellow, or even green in color. The cough is usually worst upon awakening, and improves over the remainder of the day.
Symptoms of smokers cough:
Shortness of breath
Due to smokers cough, it seems to be harder to catch breath or it is harder to climb a flight of stairs.
Coughing up blood
coughing up blood, even a small amount on a single occasion can be symbol of smokers cough.
When cough is accompanied by wheezing, it could suggest asthma; but a common saying in medicine is that “not all that wheezes is asthma.” It could be a symbol of smokers cough.
Unexplained weight loss
If cough becomes old (more than two three weeks) and weight is also loosing, it can be the symbol of smokers cough.
A hoarse voice that lasts more than a few days or is not accompanied by other typical cold symptoms, could be the symbol of smokers cough.
Causes of smokers cough:
The airways are lined with cilia. Cilia are tiny hair-like cells that catch toxins in inhaled air and move them upwards toward the mouth. Smoking paralyzes these cells so they’re unable to do their job. Instead of being caught in transit, toxins are allowed to enter the lungs, where they settle and create inflammation. Continue reading
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Whooping cough, known medically as Pertussis, is an extremely contagious disease caused by the bacterium ‘Bordetella pertussis. Whooping cough is called the 100 days’ cough in some countries. This disease usually affects children between 1 to 5 years.
Whooping cough Symptoms:
The initial signs and symptoms of this condition are quite similar to that of the common cold. Sneezing, a runny nose, Night cough, Sore throat, Tears while coughing, Vomiting, Loss of appetite, Tiredness, low fever and a mild cough are some of the symptoms of this condition.
After about 1 to 2 weeks, the dry, irritating cough evolves into coughing spells. During a coughing spell, which can last for more than a minute, the child may turn red or purple. At the end of a spell, the child may make a characteristic whooping sound when breathing in or may vomit. Between spells, the child usually feels well.
Because of whooping sound it is called whooping cough.
Causes of Whooping Cough:
Bronco-pneumonia, Infection of middle ear, Micro-organisms like Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis, through tiny drops of fluid from an infected person’s nose or mouth.
The actual cause of the disease is unhealthy diet i.e. feeding the children with refined and demineralised foods and the absence of sufficient quantity of fresh fruits and salad vegetables in their diet. This results in accumulation of excessive quantities of catarrh and mucus in the child’s system.
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